“Excitable speech“: Racist Rhethoric, Construction of Enemies and Prediction of Conflicts - France in 19th and 20th century.

This Cases Study applies text analysis methods and tools developed in the project to understand the longterm dynamics of hate speech. It will start with the examination of the historical corpora which constitute the major evidence and basis for the research. It will analyse the major features of the historical data set of the long-19th century materials concerning the rise of the modern anti-Jewish discourse from theological roots to secular political expressions.

It will also map the rise of the new antisemitic movements preparing and coalescing in the Dreyfus affair down to the First world war, including in the early 20th century the creation of the infamous forgery the “Protocols of the Elderly of Zion” and its French sources. Finally it will study the transformation of antisemitic discourse in the 20th century, first in the interwar period to the depths of the Holocaust (with a specific attention to the period of Vichy for the French case). Furthermore it investigates changes and trends of the postwar period taking into account the birth of Israel and the ensuing war, decolonization to 9/11 and the most recent developments in the French banlieues and the reverberation of events in the Mediterranean, Northern Africa and beyond.